Autonomous Driving – The Future Of Driverless Vehicles
An autonomous vehicle is one that brings together the sensors, processors, actuators and software necessary to drive autonomously, although a priori it still seems strange to us, little by little these will become part of our common lives.
The levels of autonomous driving Vehicles with autonomy are already in place, but with human intervention since autonomous driving has different levels, do you want to know what they are?
There are 5 levels of autonomous driving that are divided into: driver only, assisted, partial automation, high automation and full automation. They are in turn, three primary actors: the driver as a human factor, the autonomous driving system and the car itself with the appropriate conventional systems.
The autonomous driving levels are:
Level 0: No automation in driving
All actions are performed entirely by the driver.
Level 1: Driving assistance
The vehicle has some driving assistance system, such as: Lane maintenance, adaptive speed controls or not.
This level is designed so that the driver can have a more comfortable driving, it is an aid that improves safety at the wheel.
Level 2: Partial automation
A driver is required, although the driver will not perform movement-related tasks.
The vehicle has both longitudinal and lateral movement control, although it has no detection and response to objects.
The vehicle will have the ability to act independently as they can perform one or more tasks hitherto performed by the driver.
Level 3: Conditional automation
A driver is required and although the autonomy is higher, he must be vigilant to intervene.
It has automation systems regarding longitudinal and lateral movement control; detection and response to objects.
The vehicle will be able to decide when to change lanes, brake to avoid colliding with another vehicle, etc., but, the human factor will continue to be key since the system may require its intervention.
Level 4: High automation
Human intervention will not be required at any time since the car will be the vehicle itself that will control traffic and the conditions of the environment, define the route or alternatives and will respond to any situation.
In the event of a failure of the main system, the vehicle is backed to act and continue driving.
Level 5: Full automation
The vehicle will have the ability, on demand made through the interface through which our orders will be entered, to go anywhere without the need for a steering wheel, pedals, controls, since the vehicle has automation systems at all levels.
At this level the figure of the driver does not exist, we will get into the car. we will indicate our destination and it will start. They have an automation system that in the event of a failure will be backed up by another system. which is why it will solve any unforeseen event itself.
Level 2 is the most commonly found in dealerships of different brands, while level 3 is currently only found in some of them.
Each advance in the different levels of driving has been the result of many years of work and dedication by companies that develop driving aid technology. Level 4 and 5 will reach our roads and lives, even if we have to wait a bit.