Selenium vs Playwright: A Comparative Analysis of Web Automation Tools

Selenium vs Playwright: A Comparative Analysis of Web Automation Tools

Web automation tools such as Selenium and Playwright are indispensable for tasks such as web scraping, automated testing, and browser automation. However, choosing between them can be a daunting task. We have already compared Selenium and Playwright in this article, highlighting their key features, advantages and disadvantages. Today, let’s talk about other features of these tools.

Selenium: An Overview

Selenium is a widely used toolkit for automating web browsers. It supports various programming languages and browsers, making it a versatile choice for web automation and testing.

Key Features of Selenium

  • Multi-Language Support: Selenium supports various programming languages including Python, Java, C#, Ruby, and JavaScript.
  • Multiple Browser Support: It works with major browsers like Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.
  • Grid Feature: Selenium Grid allows for running tests concurrently on different browsers and environments.

Playwright: An Overview

Playwright is a relatively new browser automation library from Microsoft. It’s designed to enable reliable end-to-end testing for modern web apps.

Key Features of Playwright

  • JavaScript Focused: Playwright is primarily built for JavaScript, but wrappers are available for Python and other languages.
  • Multi-Browser Support: It supports multiple browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Webkit, and the new Microsoft Edge.
  • Improved Automation Capabilities: Playwright can handle modern web app features like Single Page Apps, and can automate scenarios more reliably than many other tools.

Selenium vs Playwright: A Comparative Analysis

When comparing Selenium and Playwright, several factors come into play such as their language support, browser support, reliability, and handling of modern web applications.

  • Language Support: Selenium takes the lead with its multi-language support. Playwright is primarily JavaScript-focused, though wrappers are available for other languages.
  • Browser Support: Both tools support multiple browsers, but Playwright includes support for the new Chromium-based Microsoft Edge.
  • Reliability: Playwright is designed to be more reliable in automating scenarios and handling modern web app features, such as Single Page Apps.
  • Handling of Modern Web Applications: Playwright has the edge here, with improved capabilities for working with modern, dynamic web applications.


What is Selenium?

Selenium is a popular web automation toolkit that supports various programming languages and browsers. It’s commonly used for web scraping and automated testing.

What is Playwright?

Playwright is a browser automation library from Microsoft, designed to enable reliable end-to-end testing for modern web apps.

How does Selenium compare to Playwright?

Selenium offers multi-language support and works with various browsers. Playwright, while primarily JavaScript-focused, offers improved reliability and better handling of modern web applications.

Which tool is better for handling modern web applications?

Playwright is generally better at handling modern, dynamic web applications due to its improved automation capabilities.

Does Selenium support multiple browsers?

Yes, Selenium supports various browsers including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge.


In conclusion, both Selenium and Playwright have their own strengths and are suited to different tasks and requirements. Selenium’s multi-language support makes it a versatile tool for various projects. On the other hand, Playwright’s robust handling of modern web applications makes it a powerful choice for automating and testing dynamic web apps. Your choice between Selenium and Playwright will depend on your specific needs and context.

Also Read : Everything You Need To Know About App Testing


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